August moments include the Hebrew month of Elul.
520 BCE –Zerubbabel is commanded by the prophet Haggai to rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem.
70 CE – Roman legions under the command of Vespasian sack Jerusalem and destroy the Second Temple.
1267 – Nachmanides arrives in Jerusalem and re-establishes the Jewish community there, which had been interrupted by Crusader repression. He also founded the Ramban Synagogue there, which exists to this day.
29 Elul 5551 / 1791 – Jews are granted citizenship in France, the first European country to do so.
Aug. 5, 1931 – George Gershwin performs “I Got Rhythm” at the opening of The Manhattan Theater (now the Ed Sullivan Theater); a 74-second newsreel clip survives of the performance.
Aug. 4, 1944 – Nazi Secret Police raid uncovers the secret annex where Anne Frank and her family are hiding.
Aug. 10, 1993 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg is sworn in as the first Jewish female U.S. Supreme Court justice.