Presbyterians, BDS and Israel – here we go again


NEW YORK – In the charming movie Groundhog Day, Bill Murray’s character repeatedly relives the same day until learning from the repetition transforms him from lout to worthy wooer of his colleague, played by Andie MacDowell.

The Groundhog Day of Presbyterian-Jewish relations is coming soon to a theater near you, but if we do not fully engage the issue, a Hollywood ending is unlikely. The biennial General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA) has regularly included an unhealthy confrontation between pro- and anti-Israel voices. This struggle is out of sync with the norms of American interreligious comity.

For the sixth time since 2004 – this time in Detroit on June 14-21 – a minority within the denomination will attempt to convince fellow Presbyterians that Israeli-Palestinian peace can be encouraged by anti-Israel resolutions, divestment from companies doing business with Israel, boycott of Israeli products produced in the territories, labeling Israel an apartheid state and replacing church support for a two-state solution with a one-state vision signifying the end of Israel as a Jewish state.

In 2012, at the last biennial, a divestment proposal was narrowly defeated by only two votes out of 664 cast. Despite multiple defeats, divestment supporters have not given up. They are back with new tactics. Why is this General Assembly different from all others?

The Presbyterian BDS camp has revealed its desperation by publishing a virulently anti-Israel document, “Zionism Unsettled: A Congregational Study Guide,” available for sale on the Presbyterian Church’s website. In this document, the church’s Israel/Palestine Mission Network openly admits that its argument with Israel is not about the Israeli-Palestinian territorial dispute but rather the entire Zionist enterprise and Israel’s very existence.

This screed presents Zionism as a “false theology,” “heretical doctrine,” “evil,” a “pathology,” “racism,” “colonizing” and responsible for “cultural genocide.”

When asked for its response to “Zionism Unsettled,” the denomination’s leadership said, “Our Church has a long history of engaging many points of view when it comes to dialogue on critical issues facing the world around us – it’s who we are, part of our DNA.”
Really? Are there no limits? Does Presbyterian DNA include a document that respected Presbyterian theologians have labeled anti-Semitic and anti-Judaic?

While the BDS minions are harming the Presbyterian-Jewish relationship, it is not yet beyond repair. Jews and Presbyterians can still prevent a minority of Presbyterians from using the ignominious demonization and delegitimization of Israel from driving an irreparable wedge between the two religious communities.

First, Jews and Presbyterians must clearly reaffirm their commitment to a two-state solution achieved through direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians.

That solution envisions a future Palestinian state living side-by-side in peace and security with the Jewish state of Israel. BDS, in sharp contrast, encourages and promotes the ideology of those who do not accept Israel’s existence, and therefore must be rejected.

Second, Presbyterian leadership must rein in the excesses of the Israel/Palestine Mission Network and its fellow travelers. To say that the network speaks to the church but not for the church is a cop-out. After all, the network is chartered by the church, and its propaganda is marketed by the church.

Similarly, BDS proponents should not be allowed to turn General Assembly committees discussing anti-Israel initiatives into kangaroo courts in which conclusions are predetermined and intimidation is used to silence other voices.

In April 2014, the assembly’s committee on Middle East issues deposed a moderator who dared to have a relationship with his local Jewish community and participate in interfaith trips to Israel. Where is the fairness and representativeness that are Presbyterian hallmarks?
Third, Jewish religious leaders and laypeople are encouraged to reach out to their Presbyterian friends – clergy and lay – and tell them what is being done in their name.
Let them know how central Israel is to your Jewishness and how hurtful this process has been. Make sure they know of the Jewish commitment to peace and security for both Israelis and Palestinians.

Like Americans as a whole, American Christians overwhelmingly support the state of Israel, whose values and aspirations for peace they share. Presbyterians in the pews are no exception. But a vocal minority – with tacit approval from the church’s leadership – has dominated the conversation. They cannot be allowed to turn back the clock on Presbyterian-Jewish relations.
It’s time for Presbyterians and Jews to reclaim their historic alliance on issues of mutual interest, including working together for Israeli-Palestinian peace. That would be a Hollywood ending – or, in this case, a beginning.

Rabbi Noam E. Marans is the American Jewish Committee’s director of Interreligious and Intergroup Relations.
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  1. At first blush, I thought “Here goes another boycott Israel movement.” But then I began reading about some of the other publications and articles produced by the Presbyterian Church (USA) and its Middle East Study Committee (MESC). It copies its playbook from Iran, Hamas, and David Duke’s KKK and American Nazi Party. I was appalled. As American Jews, we need to stand up to this group. Their articles seem to be copied from the playbook of Iran, Hamas, and David Duke’s KKK and American Nazi Party.

    Even J Street, which is not exactly an apologist for the Netanyahu government, declared that the Presbyterian Church (USA)“offensively intimates that Zionism is racist, pathological and the very root of the conflict in the region.” Former CIA Director James Woolsey, a Presbyterian, has been very critical of the Church’s position’s on Israel.

    For further reading, consult “Presbyterian Church USA Proposed Biased Report on Israel: A Stated from United Synagogue About the Proposed Report on Israel Prepared for the Presbyterian Church Convention in July 2010”, United Synagogue of Conservative of Conservative Judaism, Dialogika, May 13, 2010, as well as Jewish Council for Public Affairs, “Backgrounder: Presbyterian Church (USA) Middle East Study Report”, April 2010.

    My complaint is that in my voting precinct in Clifton, VA, I have to vote in the Clifton Presbyterian Church, which is an affiliate of the Presbyterian Church (USA). When our former voting place, Clifton Elementary School, closed two years ago, they moved it to the Church, instead of to the Clifton Town Hall, which would have been a more logical selection. I have been going through the established channels to get it changed and, if not, to provide an alternative for those Jews who no longer feel comfortable entering a Presbyterian Church. However, I am getting “stiff armed” by the Fairfax County Electoral Board. One official told me that if “You Jews don’t feel comfortable voting in a Presbyterian Church, then I guess that you just won’t vote.”

    I am contemplating organizing a protest march outside the Church on Election Day with a group of Jews wearing yellow Stars of David waving signs that say ” “WHY DO WE HAVE TO VOTE IN A NAZI/HAMAS AFFILIATED CHURCH: PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH (USA)”


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